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Decay

Plaque is a colourless sticky film that coats your teeth. Plaque creates an environment that allows bacteria to erode tooth enamel, irritate gums, infect inner structures such as pulp and roots, and in serious cases, tooth loss.

Plaque is caused by foods rich in sugars and carbohydrates, including fizzy drinks, juices, sweets and some kinds of pasta, breads and cereals.

Plaque can attack restoration works previously done on your teeth, which can lead to more costly treatments being needed later on.

Plaque is one of the biggest causes of tooth decay. It causes gums to become irritated, swell and sometimes bleed. Decay can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth (receding gums) over time. Long-term decay problems can develop into gum infections that can eat away at the bone structures under the teeth.

Decay can destroy a tooth from the inside. It destroys the inner layer, or dentin, the pulp which contains blood vessels, nerves and other tissues, and the root.

Advanced gum disease is called Periodontal Disease. This disease is when the gums or the bone structure break down and become infected. Pain, hypersensitivity and bleeding are the symptoms of this condition.

Simple Preventative Measures.

A well balanced diet and good oral hygiene are the two best defences against tooth decay and gum disease. A daily routine of brushing with a good fluoride toothpaste, flossing and rinsing can help too. Public water does contain fluoride in some areas, but if you are unsure of your water supply, a good mouthwash can supply you with extra fluoride.

Oral health can be helped between brushing by chewing sugar-free gum, to stimulate the mouth to produce saliva, a natural chemical that neutralises plaque formation and rinses decay causing food particles and debris from your mouth.

Anti-cavity rinses or the application of special anti-cavity varnishes or sealants can also help fight decay.